THE LOCAL MOON SIGHTING (IHTIHAD-AL MATALI) IS A LIE AND AN INNOVATION.
Many Muslims around the world have fallen in to the pit of ignorance and arrogance and have started to blindly follow the bidah of following the local moon sighting which has been falsely interpreted by innovators across the globe. Due to the lack of articles to genuinely refute this innovation on the internet. I am presenting all the refutations to prove how false this concept of fasting in the month of Ramadan by the localized moonsighting.
The local moon sighting argument is based on the hadith narrated by kuraib.
"Kuraib narrates: “I went to sham and finished the job. I was in sham when the month of ramazan began and we saw the moon the night of Friday. When I reached madina at the end of the blessed month, ibn Abbas asked me about sham (after answering him) he then asked me when we saw the moon, I said: "we saw the moon the night of jumma. He said “did you see it as well." I said "yes, I saw it too and many others saw it and we all kept fast and so did muawiya (according to that moon sighting). Ibn Abbas said: "but we saw the moon on Saturday night, therefore we will keep 30 days fast according to that unless we sight the moon on the 29th. I said: "you don't think the moonsighting of muawiya and his fasting is enough for you? Ibn Abbas replied: no, this is how the blessed prophet (sal) thought us. (Sahih Muslim and others)
this hadith is taken out of context.
Ibn Abbas said to kuraib that he saw the moon on Saturday night. Then kuraib asks "are you not happy with the sighting of muawiya? Ibn Abbas says "no" this is how the prophet (sal) thought us"
so what did he teach us? He thought us that we should continue to start fasting till the 30 or sight the moon. This is what the prophet (sal) thought us. And this is what ibn Abbas (rali) explained to kuraib and that is what's there in the above hadith. Imam Shawkani gives the wording for this hadith in his book"nayl al awthar" that many people in various madhabs have tried to put their opinions in to the final wording of ibn Abbas (rali). And that is to mean that the hadith means the difference of the lands, difference of the sunset, region, where the sea divides etc. these arguments have no basis whatsoever in the Quran or the Sunnah.
This hadith is only talking about the start of ramazan and talks nothing about the end of it. As a mufti, ibn Abbas (rali) explains how we should observe and continue the fast. and his advice to kuraib is based on the hadith in which the (prophet (sal) said:
fast on its sighting, open on its sighting. and if it's hidden, complete it as 30"
(bukhari and muslim)
the famous argument that is presented by many foolish muslims is that they try to say that ibn Abbas (rali) tried to mean that
"no kuraib, I don't accept your moon sighting. for you your moon and for me my moon."
Now my question is, from where did these people add all this? Where in the words of ibn Abbas has such an opinion been uttered? There is no evidence to prove this assumption. even if ibn Abbas had told this, ibn Abbas(rali) must narrate a narration of the prophet(sal) doing, telling or implementing this.
Even if we are to take muawiya (rali)'s fasting and try to say that local moonsighting is correct, then what evidence do we have that we have to follow the Sunnah of muawiyah (rali).
EVIDENCE TO PROVE THAT THE INTERNATIONAL MOON SIGHTING IS CORRECT
Abu umair bin Anas said on the authority of his paternal uncles who were prophet(sal)' companions' some men came riding to the prophet(sal) and testified that they sighted the hilal the previous day. He thereafter commanded to break the fast and to go to their place of the prayer in the morning (Abu Dawud-graded sahih by Albani)
This hadith proves clearly that the prophet (sal) accepted the moon sighting of some men who had come from a faraway land and he never argued against it.
(the slave of Ibn Azhar) I witnessed the Eid with Umar bin Al-Kattab who said, Allah's Apostle has forbidden people to fast on the day on which you break fasting (the fasts of Ramadan) and the day on which you eat the meat of your sacrifices (the first day of Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul-Adha).(Sahih al buharii-no: 211)
This hadith clearly proves that the whole ummah should fast on the same day and when the festival is established, no muslim should knowingly fast on that day. The Prophet forbade the fasting of Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha (two feast days) and also the wearing of As-Samma' (a single garment covering the whole body), and sitting with one's leg drawn up while being wrapped in one garment. He also forbade the prayers after the Fajr (morning) and the 'Asr (afternoon) prayers.(Sahih al buhari-no: 212)
If the above hadiths forbid the Muslim ummah to fast on the two eid's then, how come some fast in some countries while the others celebrate Eid? This clearly shows that the whole ummah should be fasting on the same day and celebrating on the same day.
Narrated by Abu hurayrah: the prophet (sal) said:
Fast when they fast, end the fast when they end theirs, and sacrifice the day they sacrifice
(At Tirmidhi-Authenticated by sheikh Albani)
The above hadith also proves the importance in uniting with the whole ummah.
Some try to falsely argue by quoting sheikh ibn baz, uthaymin’s fatwas supporting local moonsighting. These scholars as human beings made a mistake. And if the scholar’s opinion goes against the Quran and Sunnah, then his opinion should be discarded. Some sahaba started the fast on different days because there was a communication problem they had to face in conveying the news of the moon sighting. But now, Allah (swt) has given mankind with all the technology. So there is no excuse for not accepting the international moonsighting. There is only a 12 hour difference at the most. even with so much difficulties in communication during the prophets" time, the prophet(sal) accepted the moon sighting of some travelers as evidenced in the above narrated hadith of Abu umair bin Anas
USING ASTRONOMICAL CALCULATIONS TO SIGHT THE MOON
The use of astronomical calculations is an innovation that is alien to the true teaching of Islam based on the Quran and the authentic Sunnah as understood by the sahaba.
Ibn Umar reported that the Messenger of Allaah (S) said: "We are an illiterate nation. We do not use astronomical writing or computation [for our fasting]. A month is so and so (and he pointed with his hands three times, folding the thumb on the third time, meaning twenty-nine days) or so and so (and he pointed with his hands three times, meaning thirty days)" [Bukhaaree and Muslim and Abu Daawood].
This hadith clearly forbids the use of astronomical calculations when determining the month. And this hadith proves very clearly that such use is shirk.
Islam is an extremely easy religion and going to extremes like these are forbidden. Using astronomy to learn about the creations of Allah (swt) like the stars, planets, galaxies etc. is ok. But, to use that knowledge to determine the day of the crescent is not only wrong but is clear falsehood. No matter how much of modern technology you use to determine the month of ramazan, or any other month you can't say for sure that the moon can be sighted. No wonder the weather department predictions are mostly wrong. Because it is Allah (swt) who knows everything. And no one can encompass his knowledge.